(1) Now I say, as long as the heir is a child, he differs in no way from a slave, being master of the whole estate, (2) but he is under guardians and managers until the time set by the father. (3) Thus we also, when we were children, were enslaved under the elemental spirits of the world. (4) Since the fullness of time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under Law, (5) so that those under The Law might be redeemed, in order that we might receive adoption. (6) For you are children; God has sent out the Spirit of His Son into our hearts crying, "Abba Father." (7) So you are no longer a slave but a son, and a son through God. (8) But at that time--indeed, not having known God--you were enslaved to beings who are not gods by nature. (9) But already knowing God--rather, having been known by God--how can you return again to the weak and beggarly worldly spirits whom you wish to serve again? (10) You are closely watching days and new moons and appointed seasons and years. (11) I am fearing for you all that somehow my toiling has been in vain. (12) I beg you all, brothers: become like me, as I also became like you. You did me no wrong. (13) For you know that it was on account of an ailment of the flesh I first shared the Good News to you (14) Though you all were tested on account of my physical condition, you did not despise nor distain me, but you received me as an angel of God--like the Messiah Jesus [himself]. (15) Where then is your blessing? For I testify to you that if you were able to dig out your own eyes you would've given them to me. (16) So [am I] becoming your enemy by speaking truth to you? (17) They are zealous, [but this is] not good for you. They want to shut you out in order that you may be zealous for them. (18) It is always good to be zealous for good, and not only in my being here with you. (19) My children--whom again I suffer birth-pains until Messiah should be formed in you--(20) I was desirous to be there with you all now, and to change my tone, because I am flummoxed about you all. (21) You all, tell me: are those who are wishing to be under Law, are they not listening to the Law? (22) For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one from the slave woman and one out of the free woman. (23) But indeed, the one out of the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but the one out of the free woman through a promise. (24) For speaking allegorically, these [women represent] two covenants; indeed, one from Mt. Sinai, born into slavery, which is Hagar. (25) Hagar is Mt. Sinai, which is in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is a slave with her children. (26) But Jerusalem above is the free one, who is our mother. (27) for it is written, "Rejoice O barren one who does not give birth! Break down and wail, you who are having no birth pangs, since the children of the desolate one are many more than the one who has the husband." (28) But you, brothers, after Isaac, are children of Promise. (29) But just like back then, the one begotten of the flesh persecutes the one born according to the Spirit. This also happens now. (30) But what says the Scripture? The slave woman and her son shall be sent away. Therefore, the son of the slave will not inherit along with the son of the free woman. (31) Therefore, brothers, you are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman.